DO VERSUS MAKE
Qual é o aluno de inglês ou até mesmo o professor, por mais veterano que seja, que não tenha hesitado, pelo menos uma vez, na hora de usar o verbo DO ou MAKE na língua inglesa?
Pois bem, conhecendo a complexidade da temática, pois a definição do uso dos respectivos verbos apresentam algumas exceções, eu procurei compilar alguns casos de uso dos mesmos bem como postei um vídeo com a participação do jornalista Eliakim Araujo.
Em seguida, mais abaixo, uma lista para complementar a explicação e para você guardar como referência.
See you next time….
‘Do’ versus ‘make’
Use ‘make’ with objects/things/nouns:
I make a cake once a month.
I will make spaghetti tonight.
I made a mistake.
Harold made an error.
Let’s make a fire.
The businesswoman made her position clear.
My daughter made something for me at school. (Here, ‘something’ represents an object or thing.)
Use ‘do’ with:
a) Words that refer to actions:
The boy did his chores already.
The soldier does his/her duty.
Sheila does her exercises every morning.
Alfred did his errands yesterday.
My daughter did something naughty at school. (Here, ‘something’ represents an action).
b) Nouns which contain verbs within them:
Joe does his homework.
Adam did the cooking while Jessica was pregnant.
The young woman does her schoolwork.
She needs help doing the housework.
Ileana did the ironing.
c) For substitution of other verbs:
He does the dishes. (He washes the dishes.)
Mark did the laundry. (Mark washed the laundry.)
I already did the bathroom. (I already cleaned the bathroom.)
I am going to do my composition. (I am going to write my composition).
I DON’T do windows. (I don’t wash windows.)
Let’s ‘do’ lunch sometime. (Let’s eat lunch together sometime.)
d) To form questions in simple present or simple past tense, when the main verb is not ‘to be’:
Do you like pizza?
Does Amy live in Utah?
Do the girls study a lot?
Did he come to class yesterday?
• We use the verb ‘do’ when someone performs an action, activity or task.
do a crossword
do the ironing
do the laundry
do the washing
do the washing up
• ‘Do’ is often used when referring to work of any kind.
do your work
do your job
These activities do not usually produce a physical object.
• ‘Do’ for General Ideas
Use the verb ‘do’ when speaking about things in general. In other words, to describe an action without saying exactly what the action is. This form is often used with the words ‘something, nothing, anything, everything, etc.
I’m not doing anything today.
He does everything for his mother.
She’s doing nothing.
• Important Expressions with ‘Do’
There are a number of standard expressions that take the verb ‘do’. The best solution is to try to learn them.
do the dishes
do a favour
do the laundry
do time – (to go to prison)
do your best
do your hair
do your nails
do your worst
• We use the verb ‘make’ for constructing, building or creating
make a dress
make a cup of tea / coffee
• ‘Make’ is often used when referring to preparing food of any kind.
make a meal – breakfast / lunch / dinner
These activities usually create something that you can touch.
• Important Expressions with ‘Make’
There are a number of standard expressions that take the verb ‘make’. The best solution is to try to learn them.
make believe – (to pretend)
make a choice
make a comment
make a decision
make a difference
make an effort
make an enquiry
make an excuse
make a fool of yourself
make a fortune
make a fuss
make a journey
make a list
make a mess
make a mistake
make a move
make a noise
make a phone call
make a plan
make a point
make a profit
make a promise
make a remark
make a sound
make a speech
make a suggestion
make a visit
make your bed – (to prepare the bed for sleeping in)